SAFFLOWER		Descriptor Site(s): PGRC
------

Contains characteristic data on Carthamus (Safflower)
accessions.   Contact Dr. Axel Diederichsen (306)956-2893,
fax (306)956-7246 diederichsen@em.agr.ca

Descriptor: APHATOCO     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Milligrams apha-tocopherol per 100 grams of oil


Descriptor: BETATOCO     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Milligrams beta-tocopherol per 100 grams of oil


Descriptor: BLOOMDATE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

JULIAN DATE WHEN MOST OF THE PLANTS HAVE STARTED BLOOMING


Descriptor: BLOOMSTAGE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

RELATIVE TIME OF FLOWERING (CODED).

Code          Definition
----          ----------
E             EARLY
L             LATE
M             MEDIUM


Descriptor: BRACTS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Bracts enclosing head

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Incomplete
2             Complete


Descriptor: BRANCHANG     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Angle of branches

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             No branches
1             (0 = No branches,  9 = Drooping)
2             (0 = No branches,  9 = Drooping)
3             Appressed, 15-20 degrees
4             (0 = No branches,  9 = Drooping)
5             Intermediate, 20-60 degrees
6             (0 = No branches,  9 = Drooping)
7             Spreading, 60-90 degrees
8             (0 = No branches,  9 = Drooping)
9             Drooping, > 90 degrees


Descriptor: BRANCHING     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

DEGREE OF BRANCHING (CODED)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             UPPER 1/5 OF PLANT
2             UPPER 2/5 OF PLANT
3             UPPER 3/5 OF PLANT
4             UPPER 4/5 OF PLANT
5             WHOLE PLANT


Descriptor: BRANCHLEN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Length of branches

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             No branches
1             (0 = No branches,  9 = Long)
2             (0 = No branches,  9 = Long)
3             Short
4             (0 = No branches,  9 = Long)
5             Intermediate
6             (0 = No branches,  9 = Long)
7             (0 = No branches,  9 = Long)
8             (0 = No branches,  9 = Long)
9             Long


Descriptor: BRANCHLOC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Location of branches on the main axis

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             No branches
1             Predominantly basal
2             Predominantly on the upper third of the plant
3             Predominantly on the upper two-thirds of the plant
4             From base to apex


Descriptor: BUDCOLOR     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Corolla color at the bud stage

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             White
2             Pale Yellow
3             Light Yellow
4             Yellow
5             Yellow, base and tips of lobes orange
6             Deep Red
7             Pink
8             Purple


Descriptor: CORCOLBL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Corolla color in bloom

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             White
2             Pale Yellow
3             Light Yellow
4             Yellow
5             Light Orange Base
6             Yellow, base and tips of lobes orange
7             Red-Orange
8             Pink
9             Purple


Descriptor: CORCOLDRY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Corolla color of dry flower

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Grey-white
2             Pale Yellow
3             Yellow
4             Light Orange
5             Orange base
6             Orange
7             Deep red


Descriptor: CORE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

A flag to indicate the accession is part of the core subset

Code          Definition
----          ----------
Y             YES, THE ACCESSION IS PART OF THE CORE


Descriptor: DAYFLOWER     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Number of days from planting or first irrigation to 50% of
plants having first flower


Descriptor: DELTATOCO     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Milligrams delta-tocopherol per 100 grams of oil


Descriptor: FLOWERCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

FLOWER COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
C             CREAM
O             ORANGE
R             RED
W             WHITE
Y             YELLOW


Descriptor: GAMMATOCO     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Milligrams gamma-tocopherol per 100 grams of oil


Descriptor: GROWTHHAB     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Growth habit

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Erect
2             Bushy


Descriptor: HABIT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

GROWTH HABIT OF THE ACCESSION (CODED).

Code          Definition
----          ----------
E             ERECT
S             SPRAWLING


Descriptor: HEADDIAM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Primary head diameter at maturity measued at base in
millimeters

Code          Definition
----          ----------


Descriptor: HEADSHAPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Primary head shape before flowering

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Conical
2             Oval
3             Flattened


Descriptor: HEADSIZE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

HEADSIZE - DIAMETER IN MILLIMETERS.


Descriptor: HEIGHT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

HEIGHT OF THE PLANT IN CENTIMETERS.


Descriptor: HYDROXYARC     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Percent 2-hydroxyarctiin in flour meal


Descriptor: INTERNODE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Internode length

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Short
2             (1 = Short,  9 = Long)
3             (1 = Short,  9 = Long)
4             (1 = Short,  9 = Long)
5             Intermediate
6             (1 = Short,  9 = Long)
7             (1 = Short,  9 = Long)
8             (1 = Short,  9 = Long)
9             Long


Descriptor: IODINE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

IODINE NO.


Descriptor: LEAFCOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Leaf color

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Light Green (yellowish tinge)
2             Dark Green (bluish tinge)
3             Greyish


Descriptor: LEAFHAIRS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Leaf hairiness

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             Non-hairy
1             (1 = Non-hairy,  9 = Many hairs)
2             (1 = Non-hairy,  9 = Many hairs)
3             Few hairs
4             (1 = Non-hairy,  9 = Many hairs)
5             Intermediate
6             (1 = Non-hairy,  9 = Many hairs)
7             (1 = Non-hairy,  9 = Many hairs)
8             (1 = Non-hairy,  9 = Many hairs)
9             Many hairs


Descriptor: LEAFMARGIN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Leaf margin

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Entire
2             Serrate or dentate
3             Deeply serrate


Descriptor: LEAFSHAPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Leaf Shape (upper stem leaves)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Ovate
2             Oblong
3             Lanceolate
4             Linear


Descriptor: LEAFTEXT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Leaf texture

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Fleshy
2             Normal


Descriptor: LINOLEIC     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Percent linoleic acid in seeds


Descriptor: LYSINE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

RATIO VALUES TABLE VALUES DIVIDED BY 16 = GRAMS LYSINE/16
GRAMS NITROGEN.


Descriptor: MATAIRESIN     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Percent matairesinol in flour meal


Descriptor: OIBA     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Outer Involucral Bracts Attitude

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Close
2             Open


Descriptor: OIBL     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Outer Involucral Bracts Length

Code          Definition
----          ----------


Descriptor: OIBLOC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Location of spines on the outer involucral bracts

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Tip only
2             Tip and few apical
3             Tip and few basal
4             Tip and all along margin
5             Margins only


Descriptor: OIBSPINE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Outer involucral bract spine color

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             No spines
1             Whitish
2             Yellowish
3             Greenish


Descriptor: OIBW     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Outer Involucral Bracts Width

Code          Definition
----          ----------


Descriptor: OIL     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

PERCENT OF OIL IN THE SEED.


Descriptor: OLEIC     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Percent oleic acid in seeds


Descriptor: PALMITIC     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Percent palmitic acid in seeds


Descriptor: POLLENCOL     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Pollen color

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             White
2             Yellow


Descriptor: POLLENPROD     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Amount of pollen produced before bee activity in the
morning or in the bagged heads

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Sparse
2             (1 = Sparse,  9 = Abundant)
3             (1 = Sparse,  9 = Abundant)
4             (1 = Sparse,  9 = Abundant)
5             Intermediate
6             (1 = Sparse,  9 = Abundant)
7             (1 = Sparse,  9 = Abundant)
8             (1 = Sparse,  9 = Abundant)
9             Abundant


Descriptor: SEEDWGT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

WEIGHT OF 100 SEEDS MEASURED IN GRAMS


Descriptor: SPINELEN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Length of spines on the outer involucral bracts

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             No spines
1             (0 = No spines,  9 = Long)
2             (0 = No spines,  9 = Long)
3             Short
4             (0 = No spines,  9 = Long)
5             Intermediate
6             (0 = No spines,  9 = Long)
7             (0 = No spines,  9 = Long)
8             (0 = No spines,  9 = Long)
9             Long


Descriptor: SPINENUM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Number of spines on the outer involucral bract

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             None
1             (0 = None,  9 = Many)
2             (0 = None,  9 = Many)
3             Few
4             (0 = None,  9 = Many)
5             Intermediate
6             (0 = None,  9 = Many)
7             (0 = None,  9 = Many)
8             (0 = None,  9 = Many)
9             Many


Descriptor: SPINES     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

AMOUNT OF SPINES (SCALE)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             NO SPINES
1             FEW SPINES
2             LESS THAN AVERAGE SPINES
3             AVERAGE SPINES
4             MORE THAN AVERAGE SPINES
5             MANY SPINES


Descriptor: SPININESS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Extent of leaf spininess

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             Non-spiny
1             (0 = Non-spiny,  9 = Many spines)
2             (0 = Non-spiny,  9 = Many spines)
3             Few spines
4             (0 = Non-spiny,  9 = Many spines)
5             Intermediate
6             (0 = Non-spiny,  9 = Many spines)
7             (0 = Non-spiny,  9 = Many spines)
8             (0 = Non-spiny,  9 = Many spines)
9             Many spines


Descriptor: STEARIC     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Percent stearic acid in seeds


Descriptor: STEMCOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Stem color

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             White
2             Green


Descriptor: UNIFORMITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

THE GENERAL UNIFORMITY OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ACCESSION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             UNIFORM
2             (1 = UNIFORM,  9 = VARIABLE)
3             (1 = UNIFORM,  9 = VARIABLE)
4             (1 = UNIFORM,  9 = VARIABLE)
5             (1 = UNIFORM,  9 = VARIABLE)
6             (1 = UNIFORM,  9 = VARIABLE)
7             (1 = UNIFORM,  9 = VARIABLE)
8             (1 = UNIFORM,  9 = VARIABLE)
9             VARIABLE


Descriptor: WEIGHT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

WEIGHT