GRASS		Descriptor Site(s): PGRC
------

Contains characteristic data on grass accessions. Contact
Dr. Axel Diederichsen (306)956-2893, fax (306)956-7246
diederichsen@em.agr.ca

Descriptor: ACIDITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TOLERANCE TO ACIDITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LEAST TOLERANT
9             MOST TOLERANT


Descriptor: AGGRESSIVE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Aggressiveness (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             STRONG
2             MEDIUM
3             WEAK
4             VICIOUS SPREADER
5             WEEDY


Descriptor: ALKALINITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TOLERANCE TO ALKALINITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LEAST TOLERANT
9             MOST TOLERANT


Descriptor: BLOOMDATE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

JULIAN DATE WHEN 50% OF THE PLANTS IN AN ACCESSION


Descriptor: BLOOMDATE2     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Bloom date - month and day (MMDD).


Descriptor: CHROMNUM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

SOMATIC CHROMOSOME NUMBER


Descriptor: CLUSTER     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

THE CLUSTER GROUP THE ACCESSION HAS BEEN ASSIGNED TO.



Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             CLUSTER 1
10            CLUSTER 10
11            CLUSTER 11
12            CLUSTER 12
13            CLUSTER 13
14            CLUSTER 14
15            CLUSTER 15
16            CLUSTER 16
17            CLUSTER 17
2             CLUSTER 2
3             CLUSTER 3
4             CLUSTER 4
5             CLUSTER 5
6             CLUSTER 6
7             CLUSTER 7
8             CLUSTER 8
9             CLUSTER 9


Descriptor: COLDTOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Cold tolerance (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             HARDY
2             MEDIUM
3             LATE


Descriptor: CORE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

A flag to indicate the accession is part of the core subset

Code          Definition
----          ----------
Y             YES, THE ACCESSION IS PART OF THE CORE COLLECTION


Descriptor: CROWNDEN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CROWN DENSITY (DATA TAKEN DURING THE FALL OF THE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LEAST
2             (1 = LEAST TILLERS, 9 = MOST TILLERS)
3             (1 = LEAST TILLERS, 9 = MOST TILLERS)
4             (1 = LEAST TILLERS, 9 = MOST TILLERS)
5             (1 = LEAST TILLERS, 9 = MOST TILLERS)
6             (1 = LEAST TILLERS, 9 = MOST TILLERS)
7             (1 = LEAST TILLERS, 9 = MOST TILLERS)
8             (1 = LEAST TILLERS, 9 = MOST TILLERS)
9             MOST TILLERS PER UNIT AREA


Descriptor: CROWNDIAM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

CROWN DIAMETER IN CENTIMETERS (DATA TAKEN DURING


Descriptor: CROWNRUST     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

Resistance to crown rust caused by Puccinia coronata


Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             NO DISEASE
1             ONE TO TWO 1-mm LESSIONS PER LEAF
2             THREE TO FIVE 1-mm LESSIONS PER LEAF
3             FEW LESSIONS SOME > 1mm
4             FEW LESSIONS MOST > 3mm
5             MODERATE NUMBER OF LESSIONS, SOME > 5mm
6             MODERATE NUMBER OF LESSIONS, MOST > 5mm
7             MANY LESSIONS
8             LESSIONS COALESCING
9             LEAVES COMPLETELY DISEASED


Descriptor: DISEASE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

OVERALL RESISTANCE TO DISEASES

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ALL PLANT TISSUE INFESTED
2             (1 = ALL PLANTS INFESTED,  9 = DISEASE FREE)
3             (1 = ALL PLANTS INFESTED,  9 = DISEASE FREE)
4             (1 = ALL PLANTS INFESTED,  9 = DISEASE FREE)
5             (1 = ALL PLANTS INFESTED,  9 = DISEASE FREE)
6             (1 = ALL PLANTS INFESTED,  9 = DISEASE FREE)
7             (1 = ALL PLANTS INFESTED,  9 = DISEASE FREE)
8             (1 = ALL PLANTS INFESTED,  9 = DISEASE FREE)
9             DISEASE FREE


Descriptor: DRESCHERLA     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

Resistance to Drescherla dactylidis

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             NO DISEASE
1             ONE TO TWO 1-mm LESSIONS PER LEAF
2             THREE TO FIVE 1-mm LESSIONS PER LEAF
3             FEW LESSIONS SOME > 1mm
4             FEW LESSIONS MOST > 3mm
5             MODERATE NUMBER OF LESSIONS, SOME > 5mm
6             MODERATE NUMBER OF LESSIONS, MOST > 5mm
7             MANY LESSIONS
8             LESSIONS COALESCING
9             LEAVES COMPLETELY DISEASED


Descriptor: DROUGHT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TOLERANCE TO DROUGHT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LEAST TOLERANT
9             MOST TOLERANT


Descriptor: DRYWEIGHT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

DRY WEIGHT, GW * CF WHERE = (SAMPLE DRY WEIGHT/SAMPLE WET
WEIGHT).


Descriptor: ENDOPHYTE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

WHETHER ENDOPHYTES HAVE BEEN FOUND IN THE ACCESSION.  THE
PERCENT OF SEEDS INFECTED CAN BE VIEWED IN THE OBSERVATION
COMMENT FIELD.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
N             NO, ENDOPHYTES WERE NOT FOUND IN THE GIVEN ACCESSION,
              HOWEVER, FURTHER TESTING MAY REVEAL INFECTION IN SOME CASES
Y             YES, ENDOPHYTES WERE FOUND IN THE GIVEN ACCESSION


Descriptor: FALLDORM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

JULIAN DATE OF FALL DORMANCY


Descriptor: FALLREC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Relative time of fall recovery (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EARLY
2             MEDIUM
3             LATE


Descriptor: FALLVIGOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FALL REGROWTH VIGOR, RECOVERY FROM CLIPPING

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NONE
2             (1 = NONE,  9 = EXCELLENT)
3             (1 = NONE,  9 = EXCELLENT)
4             (1 = NONE,  9 = EXCELLENT)
5             (1 = NONE,  9 = EXCELLENT)
6             (1 = NONE,  9 = EXCELLENT)
7             (1 = NONE,  9 = EXCELLENT)
8             (1 = NONE,  9 = EXCELLENT)
9             EXCELLENT


Descriptor: FERTILITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FERTILITY RECORDED AS PERCENT SEED SET

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LOW
9             HIGH


Descriptor: FIBER     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Percent Fiber


Descriptor: FLOWERHAB     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FLOWERING HABIT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             DETERMINATE
9             INDETERMINATE


Descriptor: FLOWERLGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

FLOWER LENGTH IN CENTIMETERS


Descriptor: FLOWERNUM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FLOWER NUMBER

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             FEW
2             (1 = FEW,  9 = MOST)
3             (1 = FEW,  9 = MOST)
4             (1 = FEW,  9 = MOST)
5             (1 = FEW,  9 = MOST)
6             (1 = FEW,  9 = MOST)
7             (1 = FEW,  9 = MOST)
8             (1 = FEW,  9 = MOST)
9             MOST


Descriptor: FORAGEQUAL     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

IN VITRO DRY MATTER DIGESTIBILITY AS CALCULATED BY THE NIRS


Descriptor: FORAGEYLD     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

FORAGE YIELD AT FIRST HARVEST MEASURED IN GRAMS PER PLANT
GREEN WEIGHT


Descriptor: GROWTHHAB     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PLANT GROWTH HABIT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             PROCUMBENT
2             (1 = PROCUMBENT,  9 = UPRIGHT)
3             (1 = PROCUMBENT,  9 = UPRIGHT)
4             (1 = PROCUMBENT,  9 = UPRIGHT)
5             (1 = PROCUMBENT,  9 = UPRIGHT)
6             (1 = PROCUMBENT,  9 = UPRIGHT)
7             (1 = PROCUMBENT,  9 = UPRIGHT)
8             (1 = PROCUMBENT,  9 = UPRIGHT)
9             UPRIGHT


Descriptor: HEADDAY     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

Days after January 1 when visible heads are observed on
more than 50% of the tillers.


Descriptor: HEAVYMETAL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TOLERANCE TO HEAVY METALS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LEAST TOLERANT
9             MOST TOLERANT


Descriptor: LEAFABUND     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

Leaf abundance evaluated at head stage indicating the
relative amount of leaf material comparedto stem.


Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             Low proportion of leaves

2             (1 = low proportion of leaves,  9 = high proportion of
              leaves)

3             (1 = low proportion of leaves,  9 = high proportion of
              leaves)

4             (1 = low proportion of leaves,  9 = high proportion of
              leaves)

5             (1 = low proportion of leaves,  9 = high proportion of
              leaves)

6             (1 = low proportion of leaves,  9 = high proportion of
              leaves)

7             (1 = low proportion of leaves,  9 = high proportion of
              leaves)

8             (1 = low proportion of leaves,  9 = high proportion of
              leaves)

9             High proportion of leaves


Descriptor: LEAFCOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LIGHT GREEN
2             (1 = light green,  9 = dark green)
3             (1 = light green,  9 = dark green)
4             (1 = light green,  9 = dark green)
5             (1 = light green,  9 = dark green)
6             (1 = light green,  9 = dark green)
7             (1 = light green,  9 = dark green)
8             (1 = light green,  9 = dark green)
9             DARK GREEN


Descriptor: LEAFDIST     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF DISTRIBUTION

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             BASAL
9             AERIAL


Descriptor: LEAFLGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

LEAF LENGTH MEASURED IN MILLIMETERS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SHORT
2             (1 = SHORT, 9 = LONG)
3             (1 = SHORT, 9 = LONG)
4             (1 = SHORT, 9 = LONG)
5             (1 = SHORT, 9 = LONG)
6             (1 = SHORT, 9 = LONG)
7             (1 = SHORT, 9 = LONG)
8             (1 = SHORT, 9 = LONG)
9             LONG


Descriptor: LEAFNUM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RELATIVE NUMBER OF LEAVES

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             MANY
2             AVERAGE
3             FEW


Descriptor: LEAFORIENT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

ORIENTATION OF THE LEAF

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             DROOPING AWAY FROM THE STEM
2             (1 = drooping,  9 = erect)
3             (1 = drooping,  9 = erect)
4             (1 = drooping,  9 = erect)
5             (1 = drooping,  9 = erect)
6             (1 = drooping,  9 = erect)
7             (1 = drooping,  9 = erect)
8             (1 = drooping,  9 = erect)
9             ERECT, LEAF CLOSE TO STEM


Descriptor: LEAFPOS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Leaf position (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             BASAL
2             CAULINE


Descriptor: LEAFSEN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF SENESCENCE AT SEED MATURITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             DEAD LEAVES
9             ALL GREEN


Descriptor: LEAFSTRGTH     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Leaf strength (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             TENDER
2             TOUGH


Descriptor: LEAFTEXT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Leaf texture (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SOFT
2             MEDIUM
3             HARSH


Descriptor: LEAFWIDTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

LEAF WIDTH MEASURED IN MILLIMETERS


Descriptor: MATDATE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Seed maturity date - month and day (MMDD)

Code          Definition
----          ----------


Descriptor: MATURITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MATURITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LATE
2             (1 = LATE, 9 = EARLY)
3             (1 = LATE, 9 = EARLY)
4             (1 = LATE, 9 = EARLY)
5             (1 = LATE, 9 = EARLY)
6             (1 = LATE, 9 = EARLY)
7             (1 = LATE, 9 = EARLY)
8             (1 = LATE, 9 = EARLY)
9             EARLY


Descriptor: PLANTDIAM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

Plant diameter recorded just after June cutting 5
centimeters above the ground measured in centimeters.


Descriptor: PLANTHGT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

MAXIMUM PLANT HEIGHT AT MATURITY IN CENTIMETERS


Descriptor: PLANTTYPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Plant type (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ANNUAL
2             BIENNIAL
3             WEAK PERENNIAL
4             PERENNIAL


Descriptor: PLOIDY     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

Ploidy level as determined by nuclear DNA content


Descriptor: POLLINATE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MODE OF POLLINATION

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SELF POLLINATING
9             CROSS POLLINATING


Descriptor: POORDRAIN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TOLERANCE TO POOR DRAINAGE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LEAST TOLERANT
9             MOST TOLERANT


Descriptor: PROTEIN     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

CRUDE PROTEIN AS CALCULATED BY THE NIRS


Descriptor: REGROWTH     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

REGROWTH AFTER FIRST HARVEST

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LOW
2             (1 = LOW,  9 = EXCELLENT)
3             (1 = LOW,  9 = EXCELLENT)
4             (1 = LOW,  9 = EXCELLENT)
5             (1 = LOW,  9 = EXCELLENT)
6             (1 = LOW,  9 = EXCELLENT)
7             (1 = LOW,  9 = EXCELLENT)
8             (1 = LOW,  9 = EXCELLENT)
9             EXCELLENT


Descriptor: REPRODUCT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

REPRODUCTIVE MODE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SEXUAL
2             FACULTATIVE
3             APOMICTIC


Descriptor: ROOTTYPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Root type (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SOD
2             BUNCH
3             STOLONS
4             RHIZOMES


Descriptor: SALTTOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SALT TOLERANCE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LEAST TOLERANT
9             MOST TOLERANT


Descriptor: SDLGVIGOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RELATIVE DEGREE OF SEEDLING VIGOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             POOR
2             (1 = BEST,  9 = POOR)
3             (1 = BEST,  9 = POOR)
4             (1 = BEST,  9 = POOR)
5             (1 = BEST,  9 = POOR)
6             (1 = BEST,  9 = POOR)
7             (1 = BEST,  9 = POOR)
8             (1 = BEST,  9 = POOR)
9             BEST


Descriptor: SEEDDORM1     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

PERCENT GERMINATION AT HARVEST


Descriptor: SEEDDORM2     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

PERCENT GERMINATION ONE YEAR AFTER HARVEST


Descriptor: SEEDRETEN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RELATIVE DEGREE OF SEED SHATTERING

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EASILY SHATTERED
9             LITTLE OR NO SHATTERING


Descriptor: SEEDWGT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

WEIGHT OF 100 SEEDS IN GRAMS


Descriptor: SEEDYIELD     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

Grams per plant or grams per meter row


Descriptor: SEX     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PERCENT DIOECIOUS AND MONOECIOUS FLOWERS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
F             FEMALE

M             MALE
MX            MIXED, MONOECIOUS



Descriptor: SHATTER     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Amount of shattering (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SEVERE
2             MEDIUM
3             SLIGHT
4             NONE


Descriptor: SPRGGROWTH     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

INITIATION OF SPRING GROWTH

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EARLIEST
2             (1 = EARLIEST, 9 = LATE)
3             (1 = EARLIEST, 9 = LATE)
4             (1 = EARLIEST, 9 = LATE)
5             MEDIUM
6             (1 = EARLIEST, 9 = LATE)
7             (1 = EARLIEST, 9 = LATE)
8             (1 = EARLIEST, 9 = LATE)
9             LATE


Descriptor: SPRGRECOV     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Relative time of spring recovery (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EARLY
2             MEDIUM
3             LATE
4             WINTER KILLED


Descriptor: STAGONO     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

Resistance to Stagonospora arenaria

Code          Definition
----          ----------
0             NO DISEASE
1             ONE TO TWO 1-mm LESSIONS PER LEAF
2             THREE TO FIVE 1-mm LESSIONS PER LEAF
3             FEW LESSIONS SOME > 1mm
4             FEW LESSIONS MOST > 3mm
5             MODERATE NUMBER OF LESSIONS, SOME > 5mm
6             MODERATE NUMBER OF LESSIONS, MOST > 5mm
7             MANY LESSIONS
8             LESSIONS COALESCING
9             LEAVES COMPLETELY DISEASED


Descriptor: STEMDIAM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

Stem diameter measured on the lowest exposed internode
after heading measured in centimeters.


Descriptor: STEMHABIT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Stem growth habit (coded).

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ERECT
2             SPRAWLING
3             COMPACT
4             OPEN


Descriptor: STEMNUMBER     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Stem number (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             MANY
2             AVERAGE
3             FEW


Descriptor: STEMRUST     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

Resistance to Stem Rust caused by Puccinia graminis.


Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             RESISTANT
2             (1 = RESISTANT, 9 = SUSCEPTIBLE)
3             (1 = RESISTANT, 9 = SUSCEPTIBLE)
4             (1 = RESISTANT, 9 = SUSCEPTIBLE)
5             (1 = RESISTANT, 9 = SUSCEPTIBLE)
6             (1 = RESISTANT, 9 = SUSCEPTIBLE)
7             (1 = RESISTANT, 9 = SUSCEPTIBLE)
8             (1 = RESISTANT, 9 = SUSCEPTIBLE)
9             SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: STEMSTRGTH     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Stem strength (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SOFT
2             AVERAGE
3             STIFF


Descriptor: STEMTEXT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

Stem texture (coded)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SOFT
2             MEDIUM
3             COARSE


Descriptor: TANNIN     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

Amount of tannins in ppm.


Descriptor: TOTALGW     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

GREEN WEIGHT, TOTAL WEIGHT OF PLANTS HARVESTED / NUMBER OF
PLANTS HARVESTED * NUMBER OF PLANTS IN THE PLOT.


Descriptor: VEGSPRDMET     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

METHOD OF VEGETATIVE SPREAD (EVALUATED DURING

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             TILLERS
2             RHIZOMES
3             STOLONS


Descriptor: VEGSPRDRAT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATE OF VEGETATIVE SPREAD (EVALUATED DURING

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             CAESPITOSE
2             (1 = CAESPITOSE,  9 = 1 METER OR MORE PER SEASON)
3             (1 = CAESPITOSE,  9 = 1 METER OR MORE PER SEASON)
4             (1 = CAESPITOSE,  9 = 1 METER OR MORE PER SEASON)
5             (1 = CAESPITOSE,  9 = 1 METER OR MORE PER SEASON)
6             (1 = CAESPITOSE,  9 = 1 METER OR MORE PER SEASON)
7             (1 = CAESPITOSE,  9 = 1 METER OR MORE PER SEASON)
8             (1 = CAESPITOSE,  9 = 1 METER OR MORE PER SEASON)
9             1 METER OR MORE SPREAD PER SEASON


Descriptor: VIGOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

OVERALL PLANT GROWTH AS COMPARED TO OTHER ACCESSIONS IN
THE STUDY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             WEAKEST
2             (1 = WEAKEST, 9 = STRONGEST)
3             (1 = WEAKEST, 9 = STRONGEST)
4             (1 = WEAKEST, 9 = STRONGEST)
5             (1 = WEAKEST, 9 = STRONGEST)
6             (1 = WEAKEST, 9 = STRONGEST)
7             (1 = WEAKEST, 9 = STRONGEST)
8             (1 = WEAKEST, 9 = STRONGEST)
9             STRONGEST


Descriptor: WINTERHARD     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

Winter hardiness based on percent surviving plants