APPLE		Descriptor Site(s): PGRC
------

Contains characteristic data on Apple (Malus) accessions .
Contact Ms.Margie Luffman, Curator, Canadian Clonal
Genebank, (519)738-2251 fax(519)738-2929 luffmanm@em.agr.ca

Descriptor: AFTERRIPE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

Number of days at moist conditions and maintained at +3
degrees centigrade to ensure optimum germination.  Actual
number of days to observe emergenceof radicals at
prescribed conditions.


Descriptor: ANCHORAGE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF INDUCTION ABILITY OF ROOTSTOCKS TO ANCHOR TREES.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR M.27
2             POOR M.9, MM.109
3             INTERMEDIATE M.26, M.7
4             GOOD MM.106, MM.111
5             EXCELLENT NOVOLE, M. ROBUSTA 5


Descriptor: ANNUALCROP     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

ANNUAL CROPPING

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ANNUAL STANDARD: MCINTOSH
2             BIENNIAL STANDARD: GOLDEN DELICIOUS


Descriptor: ANTHERCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

ANTHER COLOR BEFORE DEHISCENCE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           WHITE STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA
1,2           WHITE YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
1,4           WHITE PINK STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'BRACTEATA'
2,2           YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA 'NERTSCHINSK'
2,6           YELLOW WITH PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'ALMEY'
3,2           ORANGE YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'NIEUWLANDIANA'
3,3           ORANGE
4,4           PINK
4,5           PINK RED STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'GLABRATA'
5,5           RED
6,6           PURPLE


Descriptor: APPLEDCLN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO APPLE UNION NECROSIS AND
DECLINE (Tomato Ringspot Virus)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT STANDARD: M.9
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE STANDARD: MM.111
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD MM.106


Descriptor: APPLEPROL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO APPLE PROLIFERATION
MYCOPLASMA-LIKE ORGANISM

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: APPLESCAB     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO APLLE SCAB (Venturia inaequalis)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT STANDARD: LIBERTY
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE STANDARD: GOLDEN DELICIOUS
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: DELICIOUS
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: MCINTOSH


Descriptor: ARMILLARIA     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO ARMILLARIA ROOT ROT
(Armillaria mellea)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: BARKCOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

BARK COLOR OF SHOOTS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           DESCRIBED COLOR - YELLOW; BACKGROUND COLOR - YELLOW
1,3           DESCRIBED COLOR - YELLOW; BACKGROUND COLOR - GRAY
1,4           DESCRIBED COLOR - YELLOW; BACKGROUND COLOR - BROWN
              STANDARD: M. X ROBUSTA 5
2,2           DESCRIBED COLOR - GREEN; BACKGROUND COLOR - GREEN
2,3           DESCRIBED COLOR - GREEN; BACKGROUND COLOR - GRAY
2,4           DESCRIBED COLOR - GREEN; BACKGROUND COLOR - BROWN
              STANDARD: GMAL 499 (M. BACCATA 'COSTATA'
3,3           DESCRIBED COLOR - GREY; BACKGROUND COLOR - GREY
3,4           DESCRIBED COLOR - GRAY; BACKGROUND COLOR - BROWN
4,4           DESCRIBED COLOR - BROWN; BACKGROUND COLOR - BROWN
              STANDARD: M. IOENSIS
4,6           DESCRIBED COLOR - BROWN; BACKGROUND COLOR - PURPLE
              STANDARD: M. SIEBOLDII
5,4           DESCRIBED COLOR - RED; BACKGROUND COLOR - BROWN STANDARD:
              M. BACCATA
5,5           DESCRIBED COLOR - RED; BACKGROUND COLOR - RED STANDARD:
              GMAL 494 'WHITE ANGEL'
5,6           DESCRIBED COLOR - RED; BACKGROUND COLOR - PURPLE
6,4           DESCRIBED COLOR - PURPLE; BACKGROUND COLOR - BROWN
              STANDARD: M. PUMILA NEIDZWETZKYENA
6,6           DES RIBED COLOR - PURPLE; BACKGROUND COLOR - PURPLE


Descriptor: BEARNGPREC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

BEARING IN THE LIFE OF THE TREE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY YOUNG 2-3 YRS ON SDY STANDARD: GOLDEN DELICIOUS
2             YOUNG 4-5 YRS ON SDZ STANDARD: JONATHAN
3             NOT PRECOCIOUS 6-7 YRS ON SDZ STANDARD: BALDWIN
4             VERY NON-PRECOCIOUS >7 YRS ON SDZ STANDARD: N. SPY


Descriptor: BITTERPIT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SUSCEPTIBILITY TO BITTER PIT.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ABSENT
2             INFREQUENT
3             MODERATE
4             FREQUENT
5             VERY FREQUENT


Descriptor: BITTERROT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO BITTER ROT (Colletotrichum
gloeosporioides) (Glomerella cingulata)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: BLACKROT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO BLACK ROT (Botryosphaeria
obtusa)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: BLKROOTROT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO BLACK ROOT ROT (Xylaria mali)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: BLOOMTIME     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

BLOOM TIME RELATIVE TO A STANDARD BASED ON A SCALE OF
1-9;1= DORMANT, 6=PINK; 7=FULLPINK, 8=FULLBLOOM; 9=PETAL
FULL. READ 3 XS IN SPRING TO DEVELOP FOLLOWING 9 POINT
SCALE.


Descriptor: BLSTRSPOT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO BLISTER SPOT (Pseudomonas
syringae pv. papulans)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: MUTSU


Descriptor: BROWNCORE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SUSCEPTIBILITY TO BROWN CORE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ABSENT
2             INFREQUENT
3             MODERATE
4             FREQUENT
5             VERY FREQUENT


Descriptor: BUDBREAK     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

TIME OF BUDBREAK RELATIVE TO STD BASED ON SCALE 1-5;
1-DORMA NT; 2=FIRSTSWELL, 3=FULLSWELL; 4=BUDBURST.  READ
3xS AT WEEKLY INTERVALS IN SPRING TO DEVELOP 9 POINT SCALE.


Descriptor: BURRKNOTS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

A RATING OF EXTENT OF BURRKNOTS ON ROOTSTOCKS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NONE NOVOLE, M. ROBUSTA 5
2             FEW BUD.9, M.27, OTTAWA 3
3             INTERMEDIATE M.7, MM.106
4             MANY M.9, M.26, MM.111
5             VERY MANY BUD.54-146, P.1


Descriptor: CALCMUPTAK     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MEASURED ON TREES OF A NON-GRAFTED ROOTSTOCK SAMPLED IN
MID AUGUST. EACH SAMPLE CONSISTING OF 8 LEAVES, TAKEN FROM
THE MIDDLE PORTION OF THE CURRENT YEARS EXTENSION GROWTH.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR M.111
2             POOR NORTHERN SPY
3             INTERMEDIATE M.2
4             GOOD M. ROBUSTA 5
5             EXTREMELY GOOD M.9


Descriptor: CALLOBECOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CALYX LOBE COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1+3           GREEN WITH PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'GLABRATA'
              GMAL-1008
1,1           GREEN STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673
2,2           WHITISH GREEN STANDARD: MALUS IOENSIS GMAL-1344
3,3           PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'ALMEY' GMAL-135
4,4           BLACKISH PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'LISET' GMAL-1290


Descriptor: CALLOBESHP     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CALYX LOBE SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-437
2             NARROW LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS X MAGDEBURGENSIS
3             ELONGATE LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS ARNOLDIANA GMAL-1220
4             BROAD TRIANGULAR STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA
5             ELONGATE TRIANGULAR STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB'
              GMAL-1561
6             TRANGULAR LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS 'VAN ESELTINE'
7             ELONGATE TRIANGULAR LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS'CRITTENDEN'
8             SHORT TRIANGULAR LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS HALLIANA
              GMAL-541


Descriptor: CALLOBHAIR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

HAIRINESS OF OUTER COVERING OF CALYX LOBE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-434
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
3             LIGHTLY PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS X ROBUSTA


Descriptor: CALPERSIST     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PERSISTANCE OF CALYX ON FRUIT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             PERSISTENT STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673
2             PARTIALLY DECIDUOUS
3             DECIDUOUS STANDARD: MALUS HUPEHENSIS GMAL-1022


Descriptor: CALTUBECOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CALYX TUBE COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           WHITE
1,2           WHITISH GREEN STANDARD: MALUS IOENSIS
2+3           GREEN WITH ORANGE STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA "BRACTEATA"
              GMAL-444
2+4           GREEN WITH BROWN STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA 'NERTSCHINSK'
              GMAL-1002
2+5           GREEN WITH PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'GOLDEN HORNET' GMAL-440
2,2           GREEN STANDARD: MALUS X MAGDEBURGENSIS GMAL-422
3,3           ORANGE
4,4           BROWN
5,5           PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS REDFLESH GMAL-538


Descriptor: CALTUBHAIR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CALYX TUBE HAIRINESS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-434
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673
3             INTERMEDIATE STANDARD: MALUS 'SPARKLER'


Descriptor: CALYXBASIN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

APPEARANCE OF CALYX BASIN

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NONE STANDARD: MALUS 'CRANBERRY' GMAL-1063
2             ACUTE SHALLOW
3             ACUTE MEDIUM
5             OBTUSE SHALLOW STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673
6             OBTUSE MEDIUM STANDARD: MALUS ROBUSTA 5 GMAL-138
7             OBTUSE DEEP STANDARD: MALUS 'REDFLESH' GMAL-538


Descriptor: CARPELARR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

ARRANGEMENT OF CARPELS AS SEEN WHEN CUT CROSS-SECTION

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             CLOSED (STAR-SHAPED) STANDARD: MALUS 'BEDFORD' GMAL-1360
2             OPEN (NOT FUSED) STANDARD: MALUS 'BH.' GMAL-
3             BOTH OPEN AND CLOSED STANDARD: M. HILLIERI


Descriptor: CARPELNUM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

NUMBER OF CARPELS/FRUIT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ACTUAL #/FRUIT
2             ACTUAL #/FRUIT
3             ACTUAL #/FRUIT
4             ACTUAL #/FRUIT
5             ACTUAL #/FRUIT
6             GREATER THAN 5 CARPELS PER FRUIT
7             3-4 CARPELS PER FRUIT
8             4-5 CARPELS PER FRUIT
9             3-5 CARPELS PER FRUIT


Descriptor: CDRAPPRUST     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO CEDAR APPLE RUST
(Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT STANDARD: DELICIOUS
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT STANDARD: EMPIRE
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: JONAGOLD
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: ROME BEAUTY


Descriptor: CHILLINGHR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

NUMBER OF CHILLING HOURS NEEDED TO BREAK DORMANCY.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             < 500HRS ANNA
2             500 - 900HRS DORSETT GOLDEN
3             900 - 1200HRS GALA
4             > 1200HRS KONINGSZUUR


Descriptor: CORE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

A flag to indicate the accession is part of the core subset

Code          Definition
----          ----------
Y             Yes, the accession is part of the core collection


Descriptor: CROPEFFIC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CROPPING EFFICIENCY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE STANDARD: JONAGOLD
2             MEDIUM STANDARD: DELICIOUS
3             LOW YIELDING STANDARD: WAYNE


Descriptor: CROWNROT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO PHYTOPHTHORA CROWN ROT
(Phytophthora cactorum and other Phytophthora species
causing crown, collar and root rots)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: DORMANCYON     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF RELATIVE LEAF ABSCISION AS A MEASURE OF DORMANCY
ONSET.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY EARLY NORCUE
2             EARLY YELLOW TRANSPARENT
3             MEDIUM
4             LATE JONAGOLD
5             VERY LATE M. ANGUSTIFOLIA (GMAL 2347)


Descriptor: DWARFING     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

DIRECT GROWTH CONTROLLING EFFECT OF THE ROOTSTOCK OF
INTERSTOCK ON THE CULTIVAR (W/O INFLUENCE OF FRUITING).

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY INVIGORATING M.12, ROBUSTA 5, NOVOLE
2             VERY INVIGORATING MOST SEEDLINGS, M.13
3             INVIGORATING M.25, A.2
4             FAIRLY INVIGORATING MM.111, MM.106
5             INTERMEDIATE M.7
6             SEMI-DWARFING M.26, OTTAWA 3
7             DWARFING M.9, BUD.9
8             VERY DWARFING M.27, BUD.57-491
9             EXTREMELY DWARFING M.3426


Descriptor: ENDUSE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

GENERAL USE OF GERMPLASM ACCESSION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           ORNAMENTAL CRAB
1,2           ORNAMENTAL, POLLENIZER
1,3           ORNAMENTAL, WILD
1,8           ORNAMENTAL, FRUIT USE
2,2           POLLENIZER
2,8           POLLENIZER, FRUIT USE
3,3           WILD SPECIES
3,8           WILD SPECIES, FRUIT USE
4,4           CLONAL ROOTSTOCK
4,5           CLONAL ROOTSTOCK, CLONAL INTERSTOCK
4,8           CLONAL ROOTSTOCK, FRUIT USE
5,5           CLONAL INTERSTOCK
5,8           CLONAL INTERSTOCK, FRUIT USE
6,6           SEEDLING ROOTSTOCK
6,8           SEEDLING ROOTSTOCK, FRUIT USE
7,7           GERMPLASM SPECIMEN ONLY, NO MARKET VALUE
8,8           FRUIT USE


Descriptor: EWINCLDHRD     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MEASURE OF COLD HARDINESS BY CONTROLLED FREEZING IN LATE
FALL/EARLY WINTER. (BASED ON VISUAL BROWNING OF WOOD).

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY HARDY SUMMERED
2             HARDY CORTLAND
3             INTERMEDIATE MCINTOSH
4             TENDER IDARED
5             EXTREMELY TENDER GOLDEN DELICIOUS


Descriptor: FILACOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FILAMENT COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           WHITE STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB'
1,2           WHITE GREEN STANDARD: MALUS ROBUSTA 5
1,3           WHITE PINK STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'BRACTEA'
1,4           WHITE PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'ROBINSON'
2,2           GREEN
3,3           PINK STANDARD: GMAL 1008 M. CORONARIA 'GLABRATA'
4,4           PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'RADIANT'


Descriptor: FIREBLIGHT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO FIRE BLIGHT (Erwinia amylovora)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT STANDARD: NOVOLE
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT STANDARD: DELICIOUS
3             INTERMEDIATE STANDARD: EMPIRE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: GOLDEN DELICIOUS
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: JONATHAN


Descriptor: FLOWERSIZE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

FLOWER SIZE AT FULL BLOOM ON VIGOROUS FLOWER BRANCH,
DIAMETER IN MM.


Descriptor: FLRPEDHAIR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FLOWER PEDICEL HAIRINESS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB'
3             LIGHTLY PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS 'SPARKLER'


Descriptor: FLWRCOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FLOWER COLOR AT FULL BLOOM

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           MAIN COLOR - WHITE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - WHITE STANDARD: M.
              FUSCA
1,4           MAIN COLOR - WHITE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - PINK STANDARD:
              ORMISTON ROY
2,2           MAIN COLOR - WHITEPINK; ADDITIONAL COLOR - WHITEPINK
              STANDARD: M. CORONARIA 'GLABRATA'
3,3           MAIN COLOR - LIGHT PINK; ADDITIONAL COLOR - LIGHT PINK
              STANDARD: CARDINAL
4,1           MAIN COLOR - PINK; ADDITIONAL COLOR - WHITE STANDARD: M.
              PURPUREA 'ELEYI'
4,4           MAIN COLOR - PINK; ADDITIONAL COLOR - PINK
5,1           MAIN COLOR - RED; ADDITIONAL COLOR - WHITE
5,5           MAIN COLOR - RED; ADDITIONAL COLOR - RED
6,1           MAIN COLOR - PURPLE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - WHITE
6,6           MAIN COLOR - PURPLE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - PURPLE STANDARD:
              RED JACKET


Descriptor: FLWRINFLOR     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

NO. OF FLOWERS (MIN TO MAXIMUM SELECTED AT RANDOM)


Descriptor: FLWRPEDCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FLOWER PEDICEL COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           GREEN STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-434
1,2           GREEN WITH ORANGE STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'BRACTEATA'
              GMAL-444
1,3           GREEN WITH PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS FLORIBUNDA 'HILLIEN'
              GMAL-490
2,2           ORANGE
3,3           PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS PURPUREA 'ELEYI'


Descriptor: FLWRPEDLEN     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

FLOWER PEDICAL LENGTH IN MM


Descriptor: FLYSPECK     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO FLY-SPECK (Schizothyrium pomi)
(Zygophiala jamaicensis)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: FRTFLSHCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT FLESH COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1+1           WHITE STANDARD: MALUS 'CARDINAL' GMAL-752
1+2           WHITE + CREAM
1+3           White + Green
2+2           CREAM STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673
2+3           CREAM + GREEN STANDARD: MALUS X MAGDEBURGENSIS GMAL-531
2+4           CREAM + YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS TURESII (A34143) GMAL-534
2+6           CREAM + PINK
2+7           Cream + Red
3+3           GREEN
3+4           GREEN + YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS YUNNANENSIS 'VILMORIN'
              GMAL-537
4+4           YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA GMAL-185
4+5           YELLOW + ORANGE STANDARD: MALUS 'GOLDEN HORNET' GMAL-534
4+7           YELLOW + RED STANDARD: MALUS REDFLESH GMAL-538
5+5           ORANGE
6+6           PINK STANDARD: MALUS 'HAS 10 ARROWS' GMAL-1359
7+7           RED
8+8           ROSE RED STANDARD: MALUS CRANBERRY GMAL-1063


Descriptor: FRTFLSHFLA     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT FLESH FLAVOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             AROMATIC STANDARD: JONAGOLD
1,4           AROMATIC, SWEET
2             SWEET STANDARD: FUJI
3             SUBACID STANDARD: MCINTOSH
4             ACID STANDARD: PURITAN
5             ASTRINGENT STANDARD: M. CORONARIA


Descriptor: FRTFLSHFRM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT FLESH FIRMNESS AT MATURITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SOFT STANDARD: MALUS X KANSUENSIS GMAL-167
2             SEMIFIRM STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA COSTATA GMAL-499
3             FIRM STANDARD: MALUS SIEBOLDII (AA952) GMAL-1351
4             HARD STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA VAR. BRACTEATA GMAL-444


Descriptor: FRTFLSHOXI     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PERCENT CHANGE IN "L" ON HUNTER COLOR METER OVER 10
MINUTES AT ROOM TEMPERATURE AND ATMOSPHERE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NON OXIDIZING  0-1% CORTLAND
2             SLIGHTLY OXIDIZING  1-4%
3             OXIDIZING  5-10%
4             VERY OXIDIZING  < 10% LIBERTY


Descriptor: FRTGRNDCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT GROUND COLOR AT MATURITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LIGHT GREEN
2             GREEN STANDARD: MALUS IOENSIS GMAL-1344
2,3           Green, Light Yellow
2,4           GREEN YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS 'RED JACKET' GMAL-132
2,6           Green, Brown
3             LIGHT YELLOW STANDAR: MALUS DAWSONIANA
4             YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS 'GOLDEN HORNET' GMAL-440
5             ORANGE STANDARD: MALUS SIEBOLDII GMAL-1009
5,4           ORANGE YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673
5,8           Orange, Red
6             BROWN
7             PINK STANDARD: MALUS SIEBOLDII 'AA952' GMAL-1351
8             RED STANDARD: MALUS 'CRANBERRY' GMAL-1063
9             PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS PURPUREA 'LEMOINE' GMAL-122


Descriptor: FRTLENGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

FRUIT LENGTH (AVE OF 10 FRUITS FROM VIGOROUS TREE) IN MM.


Descriptor: FRTLENTCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT LENTICEL COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1+1           WHITE STANDARD: MALUS ROBUSTA GMAL-495
1+4           WHITE AND ORANGE STANDARD: MALUS SYLVESTRIS GMAL-488
1+5           WHITE + BROWN STANDARD: MALUS 'KOLA'
1+6           WHITE AND DARK BROWN STANDARD: MALUS YUNNANENSIS
              'VILMORIN' GMAL-537
2+2           GREEN
2+3           GREEN + YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS KANSUENSIS GMAL-167
2+5           GREEN AND BROWN STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
3+3           YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS BREVIPES GMAL-1021
4+4           ORANGE
5+5           BROWN STANDARD: MALUS 'SCOTIA' GMAL-1062
6+6           DARK BROWN
7+7           PINK


Descriptor: FRTLENTDEN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PROMINENCE OF FRUIT LENTICEL

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SPARSE STANDARD: MALUS 'BEAUTY' GMAL-1266
2             MEDIUM
3             DENSE STANDARD: MALUS ROBUSTA GMAL-495


Descriptor: FRTLENTPRS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF DEGREE OF LENTICEL VISIBILITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
2             VISIBLE STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA VAR. BRACTEATA GMAL-444
3             VERY PROMINENT STANDARD: MALUS 'LARGE YELLOW SIBERIAN'
              GMAL-682


Descriptor: FRTLENTSHP     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT LENTICEL SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ROUND
2             CONVEX ROUND
3             IRREGULAR ROUND


Descriptor: FRTLENTSIZ     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RELATIVE SIZE OF FRUIT LENTICEL

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SMALL (DIAMETER LESS THAT 0.5MM)
2             MEDIUM (DIAMETER ABOUT 0-5-1MM)
3             LARGE (DIAMETER OVER 1MM)


Descriptor: FRTOVERCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT OVER COLOR AT MATURITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NONE
2             GREEN STANDARD: MALUS IOENSIS GMAL-1344
2,5           GREEN BROWN STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA GMAL-185
3             YELLOW STANDARD: MALUS 'GOLDEN HORNET' GMAL-440
3,2           YELLOW GREEN STANDARD: CORONARIA 'BRACTEATA' GMAL-4
3,4           YELLOW ORANGE
3,5           Yellow, Brown
4             ORANGE STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA
4,7           ORANGE RED
5,7           BROWN RED STANDARD: MALUS HUPEHENSIS GMAL-1022
5,9           BROWN PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'ORMISTON ROY' GMAL-1304
6             PINK STANDARD: MALUS KANSUENSIS GMAL-167
7             RED STANDARD: MALUS 'DAVID' GMAL-750
7,3           RED YELLOW
7,5           RED BROWN STANDARD: MALUS YUNNANENSIS 'VILMORIN' GMAL-
8             DARK RED STANDARD: MALUS 'CARDINAL' GMAL-752
9             PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'BEDFORD' GMAL-1360


Descriptor: FRTRUSSET     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

PERCENT OF FRUIT SURFACE WITH RUSSET (0-100%)


Descriptor: FRTRUSSLOC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LOCATION OF RUSSET ON FRUIT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             PEDICEL END ONLY
2             CALYX END ONLY
3             BOTH PEDICEL AND CALYX END
4             ENTIRE FRUIT STANDARD: MALUS 'ALDENHAMENSIS' GMAL-549


Descriptor: FRTRUSSTYP     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

GENERAL TYPE OF RUSSETTING

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY FINE
2             MEDIUM HEAVY (SOMEWHAT ROUGH)
3             SURFACE CRACKED


Descriptor: FRTSHPUNIF     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CONSISTENCY OF FRUIT SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             UNIFORM STANDARD: MCINTOSH
2             VARIABLE LIBERTY


Descriptor: FRTSIZUNIF     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CONSISTENCY OF FRUIT SIZE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             UNIFORM STANDARD: EMPIRE
2             VARIABLE STANDARD: NORTHERN SPY


Descriptor: FRTSTEMLEN     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

STEM LENGTH IN MM.


Descriptor: FRTSTEMTHK     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF STEM THICKNESS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SLENDER
2             MEDIUM
3             STOUT


Descriptor: FRTTEXTURE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

A RATING OF FRUIT FLESH TEXTURE AT MATURITY.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             FINE
2             MEDIUM
3             COARSE


Descriptor: FRTWEIGHT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MEAN WEIGHT OF 10 FRUITS AT MATURITY.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             < 50G
2             50-100G
3             100-150G
4             150-200G
5             200-250G
6             250-300G
7             300-350G
8             350-400G
9             > 400G


Descriptor: FRUITBLOOM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF NATURAL BLOOM (WAX) ON FRUIT AT MATURITY.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ABSENT
2             SLIGHT
3             MODERATE
4             HEAVY


Descriptor: FRUITJUIC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

A RATING OF FRUIT FLESH JUICINESS BASED ON APPLE WEIGHT/
APPLE VOLUME (SPECIFIC GRAVITY). THE MEAN OF 5 APPLES AT
MATURITY.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY DRY < .75
2             DRY .76 - .80
3             MEDIUM .81 - .85
4             MOD. JUICY .86 - .90
5             VERY JUICY > .90


Descriptor: FRUITSHAPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT SHAPE (OVERALL)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1.0           GLOBOSE STANDARD: M. MAGDEBURGENSIS GMAL-422
1.1           GLOBOSE-CONICAL
1.2           SHORT-GLOBOSE-CONICAL
2.0           FLAT STANDARD: M. CORONARIA 'BRACTEATA' GMAL-444
2.1           FLAT-GLOBOSE 9OBLATE0 STANDARD: SIKORA GMAL-500
2.2           FLAT OBCONICAL STANDARD: M. SYLVESTRIS GMAL-488
3.0           CONICAL STANDARD: CARDINAL GMAL-752
3.1           LONG CONICAL STANDARD: RED FLESH
3.2           INTERMEDIATE-CONICAL
3.3           LONG OBCONICAL STANDARD: M. FUSCA
4.0           ELLIPSOID STANDARD: M. KANSUENSIS GMAL-167
4.1           ELLIPSOID-CONICAL (OVATE) STANDARD: RADIANT GMAL-43
4.2           OBOVATE STANDARD: M. X ROBUSTA  5 GMAL 138
4.3           LONG ELLIPSOID STANDARD: 1599
5.0           OBLONG
5.1           OBLONG-CONICAL
5.2           OBLONG-WAISTED


Descriptor: FRUITTENAC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TENDENCY OF FRUIT TO ABSCISE OF HANG

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             DROPS BEFORE MATURE
2             HOLDS PAST MATURITY
3             PERSISTS WELL INTO WINTER


Descriptor: FRUITWIDTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

FRUIT WIDTH (AVE OF 10 FRUITS FROM VIGOROUS TREE) IN MM.


Descriptor: HARDWOOD     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF PROPAGATION EFFICIENCY BY HARDWOOD CUTTINGS, ETC.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR OTTAWA 3, BUD.9
2             POOR M.9
3             MEDIUM M.3, M.7
4             GOOD M.26, MM.106
5             EXTREMELY GOOD NOVOLE, BUD.57-490, MARUBA-KAIDO


Descriptor: HARVESTUNI     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF TYPICAL NUMBER OF HARVESTS REQUIRED TO OBTAIN
UNIFORMLY RIPE FRUIT.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             1 HARVEST PERIOD
2             2 HARVEST PERIODS
3             3 HARVEST PERIODS
4             > 3 HARVEST PERIODS


Descriptor: HARVSEASON     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

HARVEST SEASON

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREME EARLY >60 DAYS BEFORE DELICIOUS
2             VERY EARLY 50-60 DAYS BEFORE DELICIOUS
3             EARLY 30-50 DAYS BEFORE DELICIOUS
4             MED-EARLY 20-30 DAYS BEFORE DELICIOUS
5             MED 10 DAYS BEFORE DELICIOUS
6             MED/LATE DELICIOUS
7             LATE 10 DAYS LATER THAN DELICIOUS
8             VERY LATE 20-30 DAYS LATER THAN DELICIOUS
9             EXTREMELY LATE >30 DAYS LATER THAN DELICIOUS


Descriptor: INFLORCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

INFLORESCENCE COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           DESCRIBED COLOR - LIGHT GREEN; BACKGROUND COLOR - LIGHT
              GREEN   STANDARD: M. BACCATA
2,2           DESCRIBED COLOR - GREEN; BACKGROUND COLOR - GREEN
              STANDARD: 'VIRGINIA CRAB'
3,2           DESCRIBED COLOR - ORANGE; BACKGROUND COLOR - GREEN
              STANDARD: M. CORONARIA 'BRACTENTOR'
4,2           DESCRIBED COLOR - PURPLE; BACKGROUND COLOR - GREEN
              STANDARD: M. HUPEHENSIS
4,4           DESCRIBED COLOR - PURPLE; BACKGROUND COLOR - PURPLE
              STANDARD: M. PURPUREA 'ELEYI'


Descriptor: INFLORHAIR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

INFLORESCENCE HAIRINESS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS PUMILA


Descriptor: INFLORTYPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

INFLORESCENCE TYPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             UMBEL STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA
2             UMBEL-LIKE CORYMB
3             CORYMB


Descriptor: LEAFAPEX     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF APEX SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             OBTUSE
2             ACUTE STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
3             ACUMINATE STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA
4             CANDATE STANDARD: MALUS 'SPARKLER'
5             ABRUPTLY CANDATE STANDARD: MALUS SYLVESTRIS
6             SHORT CANDATE STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB'
7             LONG CANDATE STANDARD: MALUS PRUNIFOLIA 'SIKORA'


Descriptor: LEAFBASE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF BASE SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ROUND STANDARD: MALUS HUPEHENSIS
2             OBLIQUE ROUND STANDARD: MALUS SLYVESTRIS
3             CUNEATE STANDARD: MALUS HALLIANA VAR. 'SPONTANEA'
4             BROAD CUNEATE STANDARD: MALUS IOENSIS
5             CORDATE STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
6             SUBCORDATE STANDARD: MALUS 'NOVOLE P613'


Descriptor: LEAFLENGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

LEAF LENGTH IN MM


Descriptor: LEAFLOBING     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF LOBED OR NOT LOBED IN ONE TREE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NOT LOBED STANDARD: MALUS PUMILA
2             PARTLY LOBED STANDARD: MALUS SIEBOLDII
3             FULLY LOBED STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA


Descriptor: LEAFMARGIN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF MARGIN

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NEARLY ENTIRE STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA 'NERTSCHINSK'
2             CRENATE STANDARD: MALUS HALLIANA 'SPONTANEA'
3             SERRATE STANDARD: MALUS PRUNIFOLIA 'BHRENS'
4             SHARPLY SERRATE STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB'
5             CRENATE SERRATE STANDARD: MALUS 'BEAUTY'
6             DOUBLY SERRATE STANDARD: MALUS  CORONARIA 'MATTHEWS'
7             SERRULATE STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA
8             SHARPLY SERRULATE STANDARD: MALUS HUPEHENSIS


Descriptor: LEAFSHAPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF SHAPE IN MIDDLE OF THE SHOOT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ROUND STANDARD: MALUS SIEBOLDII (PARTLY)
2             ELLIPSE (ELLIPTIC) STANDARD: MALUS X MAGDEBURSENSIS
3             WIDE-ELLIPSE STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB'
4             NARROW-ELLIPSE STANDARD: MALUS 'SENTINEL' ONLY ON SHORT
              BRANCH
5             LONG-ELLIPSE STANDARD: MALUS PRUNIFOLIA 'DOLGO'
6             OVATE STANDARD: MALUS HUPEHENSIS
7             WIDE-OVATE STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'BRACTEATA'
8             LONG-OVATE STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA (PARTLY)
9             OBOVATE STANDARD: MALUS FLORIBUNDA 'HILLIERI'


Descriptor: LEAFWIDTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

LEAF WIDTH IN MM.


Descriptor: LFHAIRSURF     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF HAIRINESS - SURFACE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA
2             PARTLY PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA (ONLY ON THE
              VEINS)
3             FULLY PUBESCENT


Descriptor: LFHAIRUND     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEAF HAIRINESS - UNDERSIDE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS IOENSIS
3             HEAVILY PUBESCENT


Descriptor: LOBTUBRAT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATIO BETWEEN LENGTH OF CALYX LOBE & TUBE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             CALYX LOBE > CALYX TUBE STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-437
2             CALYX LOBE = CALYX TUBE STANDARD: MALUS ZUMI 'CALOCARPA'
3             CALYX LOBE < CALYX TUBE STANDARD: MALUS HALLIANA
              'SPONTANEA' GMAL-541


Descriptor: LWINCLDHRD     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MEASURE OF COLD HARDINESS BY CONTROLLED FREEZING IN LATE
WINTER. (BASED ON VISUAL BROWNING OF WOOD).

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY HARDY K-14
2             HARDY MM.106
3             INTERMEDIATE MCINTOSH
4             TENDER
5             VERY TENDER M. ROBUSTA 5


Descriptor: MAGNESIUM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MEASURED ON TREES OF A NON-GRAFTED ROOTSTOCK SAMPLED IN
MID AUGUST. EACH SAMPLE CONSISTING OF 8 LEAVES, TAKEN FROM
THE MIDDLE PORTION OF THE CURRENT YEARS EXTENSION GROWTH.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR MM.111
2             POOR NORTHERN SPY
3             INTERMEDIATE M.25
4             GOOD M.3426
5             EXTREMELY GOOD


Descriptor: MARKETTYPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

DEFINITION OF USUAL METHOD OF CONSUMPTION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           FRESH
1,2           FRESH, PROCESSING
1,2,3         FRESH, PROCESSING, JUICE
1,3           FRESH, JUICE
1,6           FRESH, OTHER
2,2           PROCESSING
2,3           PROCESSING, JUICE
2,6           PROCESSING, OTHER
3,3           JUICE
3,6           JUICE, OTHER
4,4           FERMENTED JUICE
4,6           FERMENTED JUICE, OTHER
5,5           EDIBLE CRABAPPLE
5,6           EDIBLE CRABAPPLE, OTHER
6,6           OTHER USE (ORNAMENTAL, ROOTSTOCK, GERMPLASM)


Descriptor: MICROPROPA     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF PROPAGATION EFFICIENCY BY MICROPROPAGATION, ETC.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR
2             PORR
3             MEDIUM
4             GOOD M.9, COX, BRAMLEY
5             EXTREMELY GOOD M.7, M.26


Descriptor: MWINCLDHRD     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MEASURE OF COLD HARDINESS BY CONTROLLED FREEZING IN MID
WINTER. (BASED ON VISUAL BROWNING OF WOOD).

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY HARDY HEYER 12
2             HARDY M. ROBUSTA 5
3             INTERMEDIATE MCINTOSH
4             TENDER JONAGOLD
5             EXTREMELY TENDER GRAVENSTEIN


Descriptor: NECTCANKER     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO NECTRIA CANKER (Nectria
galligena)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: OVERCOLOR     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

PERCENT OF OVERCOLOR ON FRUIT 0-100%


Descriptor: OVERCOLPAT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

OVERCOLOR PATTERN TYPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             BLUSH STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673
2             STRIPED STANDARD: MCINTOSH
3             SPLASHED STANDARD: JONGRIMES


Descriptor: PETALHAIR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PETAL HAIRINESS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS 'DOLGO'
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA


Descriptor: PETALLNGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

LENGTH OF NORMAL PETALS ON VIGOROUS FRUITING BRANCH IN MM.


Descriptor: PETALSHAPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PETAL SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NEAR ORBICULAR STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA
2             OBLONG STANDARD: MALUS BREVIPES
3             OVATE STANDARD: MALUS SARGENTII
4             OBLONG-OVATE STANDARD: MALUS 'DOLGO'
5             BROAD-OVATE STANDARD: MALUS 'RED SIBERIAN'
6             OBOVATE STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'MATTHEWS'
7             OBLONG OBOVATE STANDARD: MALUS GLAUCESCENS


Descriptor: PETALWIDTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

WIDTH OF NORMAL PETALS ON VIGOROUS FRUITING BRANCH IN MM.


Descriptor: PETIOLEHA     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PETIOLE HAIRINESS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD:MALUS BACCATA
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA


Descriptor: PETIOLELEN     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

PETIOLE LENGTH IN MM


Descriptor: PHYMATOTRI     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO PHYMATOTRICHUM ROT
(Phymatotrichopsis omnivora)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: PISTILSTAM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PISTIL/STAMEN LENGTH RATIO

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             STYLE < FILAMENT STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA
2             STYLE = FILAMENT STANDARD: MALUS BREVIPES
3             STYLE > FILAMENT STANDARD: MALUS PLATYCARPA


Descriptor: PLOIDY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             DIPLOID
2             TRIPLOID
3             TETRAPLOID
4             CYTOCHIMERA
5             ANEUPLOID
6             OTHER


Descriptor: POTASSIUM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

MEASURED ON TREES OF A NON-GRAFTED ROOTSTOCK SAMPLED IN
MID AUGUST. EACH SAMPLE CONSISTING OF 8 LEAVES, TAKEN FROM
THE MIDDLE PORTION OF THE CURRENT YEARS EXTENTION GROWTH.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR M.26
2             POOR M.8
3             INTERMEDIATE M.9
4             GOOD M.27
5             EXTREMELY GOOD MM.104


Descriptor: POWDERYMIL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO POWDERY MILDEW (Podosphaera
leucotricha)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT STANDARD: WHITE ANGEL
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE STANDARD: DELICIOUS
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: GOLDEN DELICIOUS
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: JONATHAN


Descriptor: PREBLOOMCO     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PREBLOOM FLOWER COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           MAIN COLOR - WHITE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - WHITE STANDARD: M.
              BACCATA 'NERTSCHINSK'
1,3           MAIN COLOR - WHITE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - PINK
1,3,8         MAIN COLOR - WHITE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - PINK AND GREEN
              STANDARD: M. ROBUSTA
1,8           MAIN COLOR - WHITE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - GREEN
2,2           MAIN COLOR - LIGHT PINK; ADDITIONAL COLOR - LIGHT PINK
              STANDARD: M. CORONARIA 'BRACTEATA'
3,3           MAIN COLOR - PINK; ADDITIONAL COLOR - PINK STANDARD: M.
              HUPEHENSIS
4,4           MAIN COLOR, PINK-RED; ADDITIONAL COLOR - PINK-RED
              STANDARD: CARDINAL
5,5           MAIN COLOR - RED; ADDITIONAL COLOR - RED STANDARD: MAKAMIK
6,6           MAIN COLOR - PURPLE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - PURPLE STANDARD:
              REDFLESH
7,7           MAIN COLOR - BLACK PURPLE; ADDITIONAL COLOR - BLACK PURPLE
              STANDARD: RADIANT


Descriptor: PRECOCITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF EXTENT OF EARLY FRUIT INDUCTION BY ROOTSTOCKS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR MOST SEEDLINGS
2             POOR M.16
3             INTERMEDIATE M.25, M.7
4             GOOD MM.106
5             EXCELLENT M.9, M.27, G.65


Descriptor: QUINCERUST     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO QUINCE RUST (Gymnosporangium
clavipes)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT STANDARD: R. I. GREENING
3             INTERMEDIATE STANDARD: LIBERTY
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: JERSEYMAC
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE STANDARD: DELICIOUS


Descriptor: ROSELLINIA     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO ROSELLINIA ROOT ROT
(Rosellinia necatrix) (Dematophora necatrix)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: SDAPEXSHP     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SEED APEX SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ACUTE STANDARD: MALUS 'WHITE ANGE' GMAL-494
2             ACUMINATE STANDARD: MALUS X ROBUSTA GMAL-495
3             OBTUSE STANDARD: MALUS SYLVESTRIS GMAL-488


Descriptor: SDBASESHP     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SEED BASE SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ROUND STANDARD: MALUS 'WHITE ANGEL' GMAL-494
2             OBLIQUE ROUND STANDARD: MALUS SIEBOLDII (AA952) GMAL-1351
3             ROUND WITH TUBERANCE STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-434
4             OBLIQUE ROUND WITH TUBERANCE STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
              GMAL-185


Descriptor: SEEDCOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SEED COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             BROWN STANDARD: MALUS 'CARDINAL' GMAL-752
2             LIGHT BROWN STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-434
3             DARK BROWN STANDARD: MALUS 'BEDFORD' GMAL-1360
4             BLACK BROWN STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA VAR. BRACTEATA
              GMAL-444
5             RED BROWN STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA
6             GRAY BROWN STANDARD: MALUS ARNOLDIANA GMAL-1220


Descriptor: SEEDLENGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

SEED LENGTH IN MM.


Descriptor: SEEDNUMBER     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

NUMBER OF SEED PER CARPEL AFTER OPTIMUM POLLINATION

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LESS THAN ONE/CARPEL STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-434
2             1-2 SEEDS / CARPEL STANDARD: MALUS 'CARDINAL' GMAL-752
3             MORE THAN 2 SEEDS / CARPEL STANDARD: NORTHER SPY


Descriptor: SEEDSHAPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

GENERAL SEED SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             OVATE STANDARD: MALUS HALLIANA 'SPONTANEA' GMAL-541
1+2           OVATE AND OBLONG OVATE STANDARD: MALUS KANDIL KITAIKA
              GMAL-428
2             OBLONG OVATE STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673
3             WIDE OVATE STANDARD: MALUS 'HAS 10 ARROW' GMAL-1359
4             NARROW OVATE STANDARD: MALUS 'MINNESOTA SPARKLER' GMAL-688
5             NEARLY ROUND


Descriptor: SEEDWIDTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

SEED WIDTH IN MM.


Descriptor: SHOOTCUTIC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SHOOT CUTICLE PRESENCE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NO STANDARD: MALUS FLORIBUNDA 'HILLIERI'
2             YES STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA


Descriptor: SHOOTHAIR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SHOOT HAIRINESS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
3             VERY PUBESCENT


Descriptor: SHOOTINLEN     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

SHOOT INTERNODE LENGTH IN MM


Descriptor: SLENTINTEN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SHOOT LENTICEL INTENSITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SPARSE STANDARD: MALUS HUPEHENSIS
2             MEDIUM STANDARD: MALUS PLATYCARPA
3             DENSE STANDARD: MALUS ASIATICA 'VIRGINIA CRAB'


Descriptor: SLENTSHAPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SHOOT LENTICEL SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1+1           THREADLIKE + THREADLIKE
1+2           THREADLIKE + DISC
1+3           THREADLIKE + ELLIPSE
1+4           THREADLIKE + OVAL
1+5           THREADLIKE + ROUND
1+6           THREADLIKE + SPINDLE
2+2           DISC+DISC
2+3           DISC + ELLIPSE
2+4           DISC + OVAL
2+5           DISC + ROUND
2+6           DISC + SPINDLE
3+3           ELLIPSE + ELLIPSE STANDARD: M. BACCATA
3+4           ELLIPSE + OVAL
3+5           ELLIPSE + ROUND STANDARD: M. HUPEHENSIS
3+6           ELLIPSE + SPINDLE STANDARD: M. CORONARIAN KOLA
4+4           OVAL + OVAL
4+5           OVAL + ROUND
4+6           OVAL + SPINDLE
5+5           ROUND + ROUND STANDARD: M. ROBUSTA 5
5+6           ROUND + SPINDLE STANDARD: M. FUSCA
6+6           SPINDLE + SPINDLE STANDARD: M. IOENSIS


Descriptor: SOFTWOOD     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF PROPAGATION EFFICIENCY BY SOFTWOOD CUTTINGS, ETC.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR OTTAWA 3, BUD.9, M.9
2             POOR MUCH APPLE MATERIAL
3             MEDIUM M. ROBUSTA 5
4             GOOD MM.106
5             EXTREMELY GOOD NOVOLE


Descriptor: SOOTYBLTCH     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO SOOTY BLOTCH (Gloeodes pomigena)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: SOUTHBLGHT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO SOUTHERN BLIGHT (Sclerotium
rolfsii)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: STEMCAVITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

APPEARANCE OF STEM CAVITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NONE
2             ACUTE SHALLOW
3             ACUTE MEDIUM STANDARD: MALUS 'CARDINAL' GMAL-752
4             ACUTE DEEP STANDARD: MALUS 'SIKORA' GMAL-500
5             OBTUSE SHALLOW STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-434
6             OBTUSE MEDIUM STANDARD: MALUS 'FRETTINGHAM VICTORIA'
              GMAL-681
7             OBTUSE DEEP STANDARD: MALUS 'VIRGINIA CRAB' GMAL-673


Descriptor: STEMSWELL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SWELLING AT BRANCH ATTACHMENT OF FRUIT STEM.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             PRESENT
2             ABSENT


Descriptor: STIPULEABS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TIMING OF STIPULE ABSCISSION

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ABSCISE EARLY STANDARD: M. BACCATA
2             ABSCISE LATE STANDARD: M. SIEBOLDII 'ROBINSON'
3             ABSCISE WITH LEAF


Descriptor: STIPULELEN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

STIPULE LENGTH

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             <5MM STANDARD: MALUS 'SCHEIDECKER CRAB'
2             5-15MM STANDARD: MALUS 'BEDFORD'
3             >15MM STANDARD: MALUS 'TURESII'


Descriptor: STIPULESHP     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

STIPULE SHAPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LINEAR STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
2             LINEAR LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA 'NERTSCHINSK'
3             LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS 'BEDFORD'
4             NARROW LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'BRACTEATA'
5             BROAD LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS 'TURESII'
6             OVATE LANCEOLATE STANDARD: MALUS 'ROBINSON'


Descriptor: STONECELLS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PRESENCE AND LOCATION OF STONE CELLS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             NONE STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA GMAL-434
3             IN THE FLESH


Descriptor: STOOLBEDS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF PROPAGATION EFFICIENCY BY STOOL BEDS, ETC.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             EXTREMELY POOR M.20
2             POOR M.2
3             MEDIUM M.9, G.65, M.26, M.27
4             GOOD MARK, M.7
5             EXTREMELY GOOD MM.106, MM.111


Descriptor: STORAGE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

PERCENT OF SOUND FRUIT AFTER 90 DAYS AT -1 C, FOLLOWED BY
7 DAYS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE (0-100%).


Descriptor: STYLECOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

STYLE COLOR AT FULL BLOOM

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1+1           WHITE
1+2           WHITE GREEN STANDARD: MALUS ROBUSTA
1+3           WHITE PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS IOENSIS
2+2           GREEN
3+3           PURPLE STANDARD: MALUS 'RADIANT'


Descriptor: STYLEHAIR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

STYLE HAIRINESS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS FUSCA
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS GLAUCESCENS


Descriptor: STYLEHAIRL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

STYLE HAIR LOCATION AREA WHERE HAIRINESS CAN BE FOUND ON
THE STYLE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ON THE BASE
2             LESS THAN 1/3 OF BASE STANDARD: MALUS BREVIPES
3             TO 1/3 OF BASE STANDARD: MALUS SARGENTII
4             PAST 1/3 OF BASE STANDARD: MALUS X PRUNIFOLIA (XSIEBOLDII)
              GMAL-LOOT
5             TOTALLY GLABROUS


Descriptor: STYLESPPIS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

QUANTITY OF STYLES PER PISTIL

Code          Definition
----          ----------
3             NAME: MALUS FUSCA
4             NAME: MALUS SARGENTII
5             NAME: MALUS 'DOLGO'
6             GREATER THAN 5 STYLES PER PISTIL
7             3-4 STYLES PER PISTIL
8             4-5 STYLES PER PISTIL STANDARD: MALUS HALLIANA 'SPONTANEA'
9             3-5 STYLES PER PISTIL STANDARD: M. KANSUENSIS


Descriptor: SUCKERING     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

THE TENDENCY OF THE ROOTSTOCK TO PRODUCE SUCKERS
(ADVENTITIOUS SHOOTS) UNDER NORMAL FIELD CONDITIONS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ABSENT TO EXTREMELY LOW M.16, M.26, M.27, BUD.9
2             LOW MM.106
3             MEDIUM MM.11
4             HIGH M.9
5             EXTREMELY HIGH M.4, M.7, M.8


Descriptor: TOPFRTSHP     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FRUIT SHAPE (TOP)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             WITH ANGLES STANDARD: MALUS CORONARIA 'BRACTEATA' GMAL-444
2             WITHOUT ANGLES STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA GMAL-185


Descriptor: TREEBEAR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TREE BEARING HABIT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             COLUMNAR STANDARD: WIJCIK
2             TYPE I SPAR STANDARD: STARKVIONSON
3             TYPE II SEMISPUR STANDARD: EMPIRE
4             TYPE III STANDARD STANDARD: GOLDEN DELICIOUS
5             TYPE IV TIP BEARER STANDARD: ROME, TYDEMON
6             WEEPING STANDARD: RED JADE


Descriptor: TREEVIGOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TREE VIGOR FROM SMALL TO LARGE WHEN GROWN ON A VIGOROUS
ROOTSTOCK.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SMALL STANDARD: EMPRESS
2             MEDIUM STARKIMSON
3             VIGOROUS STANDARD: DELICIOUS
4             VERY VIGOROUS STANDARD: SPIGOLD


Descriptor: WATERCORE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SUSCEPTIBILITY TO WATER CORE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ABSENT
2             INFREQUENT
3             MODERATE
4             FREQUENT
5             VERY FREQUENT


Descriptor: WHITEROT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO WHITE ROT ( Botryosphaeria
dothidea)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: WHITERTROT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RATING OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO WHITE ROOT ROT (Scytinostroma
galactinum) (Corticium galactinum)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY RESISTANT
2             MODERATELY RESISTANT
3             INTERMEDIATE
4             MODERATELY SUSCEPTIBLE
5             VERY SUSCEPTIBLE


Descriptor: XYLEMCOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

XYLEM COLOR OF SHOOTS (DORMANT OR ACTIVE)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GREEN
2             PINK
3             RED


Descriptor: YIELDEFFIC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

A HIGH YIELD EFFICIENCY IS DEFINED AS THE INDUCTION IN THE
SCION OF A HIGH YIELD OF FRUIT RELATIVE TO THE CROSS
SECTIONAL AREA OF THE TRUNK.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY POOR MOST SEEDLINGS
2             POOR M.16, M.111
3             INTERMEDIATE MM.106, M.26
4             GOOD M.9
5             VERY GOOD M.27


Descriptor: YOUNGHAIR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

YOUNG LEAF HAIRINESS

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             GLABROUS STANDARD: MALUS BACCATA
2             PUBESCENT STANDARD: MALUS IOENSIS


Descriptor: YOUNGLFCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

YOUNG LEAF COLOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1,1           DESCRIBED COLOR - GREEN; BACKGROUND COLOR - GREEN
              STANDARD: CARDINAL
2,1           DESCRIBED COLOR - BRICK RED; BACKGROUND COLOR - GREEN
              STANDARD: M. IOENSIS
2,2           DESCRIBED COLOR - BRICK RED; BACKGROUND COLOR - BRICK RED
              STANDARD: M. CORONARIA 'MATTHEWS"
3,1           DESCRIBED COLOR - PURPLE; BACKGROUND COLOR - GREEN
              STANDARD: M. BACCATA
3,3           DESCRIBED COLOR - PURPLE; BACKGROUND COLOR - PURPLE
              STANDARD: RADIANT


Descriptor: YOUNGTYPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

YOUNG LEAF TYPE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             CONVOLUTE STANDARD: MALUS X MAGDEBURGENSIS
2             INVOLUTE STANDARD: MALUS ROBUSTA 'KENDIL KITAIKA'
3             CONDUPLICATE STANDARD: MALUS FLORENTINA
4             OBVOLUTE STANDARD: MALUS FLORIBUNDA 'PEACHBLOW'