ALLIUM		Descriptor Site(s): PGRC
------

Contains characteristic data on Allium (Onion) accessions.
Contact Dr. Axel Diederichsen (306)956-2893, fax
(306)956-7246 diederichsen@em.agr.ca

Descriptor: ANTHERCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

COLOR OF THE ANTHERS AT THE OPEN FLOWER STAGE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
BL            Blue
CR            Cream
GN            GREEN
MX            MIX
OR            Orange
OT            OTHER
PU            PURPLE
WH            White
YL            YELLOW


Descriptor: BLBCLOVNUM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

THE AVERAGE NUMBER OF CLOVES IN FIVE BULBS.


Descriptor: BLBDRYMAT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

PERCENT DRY MATTER DETERMINED BY (DRY WT./FRESH WT.)X100.


Descriptor: BLBFLESCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FLESH COLOR OF MATURE BULBS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
CR            CREAM
GW            GREEN/WHITE
MX            MIX
RD            RED
RW            RED/WHITE
WH            WHITE
YL            YELLOW


Descriptor: BLBGROWCTR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

AVG. NUMBER OF GROWING CENTERS IN MATURE BULBS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
DB            DOUBLED
ML            MULTIPLE
MX            MIXED POPULATION
SI            SINGLE


Descriptor: BLBLETPRES     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

WHETHER THE ACCESSION PRODUCES BULBLETS AT THE MATURE BULB
STAGE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
+             PRESENT
-             ABSENT


Descriptor: BLBREFRACT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG. REFRACTIVE INDEX OF 5-10 MATURE BULBS.


Descriptor: BLBSHPUNI     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

DETERMINATION OF BULB SHAPE UNIFORMITY WITHIN THE ACCESSION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY IRREGULAR
3             IRREGULAR
5             MEDIUM
7             UNIFORM
9             VERY UNIFORM
M             MIX


Descriptor: BLBSKINCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SKIN COLOR OF THE MATURE BULBS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
BR            BROWN
DBR           DARK BROWN
DRD           DARK RED
GR            GREEN (CHARTREUSE)
LBR           LIGHT BROWN
LRD           LIGHT RED
MX            MIX
OT            OTHERS
PU            PURPLE OR VIOLET.
RD            RED
WH            WHITE
WP            WHITE AND PURPLE TOGETHER.
YL            YELLOW


Descriptor: BLOOM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

AMOUNT OF BLOOM

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             LEAST
2             (1 = LEAST,  9 = HEAVY)
3             (1 = LEAST,  9 = HEAVY)
4             (1 = LEAST,  9 = HEAVY)
5             MEDIUM
6             (1 = LEAST,  9 = HEAVY)
7             (1 = LEAST,  9 = HEAVY)
8             (1 = LEAST,  9 = HEAVY)
9             HEAVY


Descriptor: BRINGTHICK     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG. RING THICKNESS (MM) OF THE MIDDLE RING OF MATURE BULBS.


Descriptor: BROOTSIZE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CODED DESCRIPTION OF AVG. ROOT DIAMETER.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY FINE
2             (1 = VERY FINE,  9 = VERY COARSE)
3             FINE
4             (1 = VERY FINE,  9 = VERY COARSE)
5             MEDIUM
6             (1 = VERY FINE,  9 = VERY COARSE)
7             COARSE
8             (1 = VERY FINE,  9 = VERY COARSE)
9             VERY COARSE
M             MIX


Descriptor: BROOTVIGOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RELATIVE DETERMINATION OF ROOT VIGOR AND/OR HEALTH.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
3             POOR
5             MEDIUM
7             GOOD
M             MIX


Descriptor: BSKINTHICK     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RELATIVE DETERMINATION OF AVG. BULB SKIN THICKNESS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY THIN
3             THIN
5             MEDIUM
7             THICK
9             VERY THICK
M             MIX


Descriptor: BSTORELIFE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

GENERAL DETERMINATION OF BULB STORAGE LIFE UNDER COOL
STORAGE CONDITIONS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY SHORT
2             (1 = VERY SHORT,  9 = VERY LONG)
3             SHORT
4             (1 = VERY SHORT,  9 = VERY LONG)
5             MEDIUM
6             (1 = VERY SHORT,  9 = VERY LONG)
7             LONG
8             (1 = VERY SHORT,  9 = VERY LONG)
9             VERY LONG
M             MIX


Descriptor: BULBDEPTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

BULB DEPTH IN CENTIMETERS


Descriptor: BULBDIAM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG DIAMETER (MM) OF 5-10 MATURE BULBS.


Descriptor: BULBFIRM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

READING FROM A DUROMETER WITH THE SKINS INTACT. TAKEN AT
HARVEST.


Descriptor: BULBHEIGHT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG. HEIGHT (MM) OF 5-10 MATURE BULBS


Descriptor: BULBPUNGE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

PYRUVATE DETERMINATION AS PER SCHWIMMER AND WESTON, 1961,
J. AGR. FOOD CHEM. 9:301. IN MICROMOLES/GM (FRESH WT.)
TISSUE.


Descriptor: BULBSHAPE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CODED DESCRIPTION OF THE MATURE BULB SHAPE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
CY            CYLINDER
FB            FLAT BOTTOM
FG            FLAT GLOBE
FI            FLAT INDENTED BOTTOM
FL            FLAT
GL            GLOBE
HG            HIGH GLOBE
HT            HIGH TOP
MX            MIXED POPULATIONS
OV            OVAL
SP            SPINDLE
TD            TEARDROP
TF            THICK FLAT
TP            TOP


Descriptor: CHROMONUM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

BASIC CHROMOSOME NUMBER (N).


Descriptor: CLVARRANGE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

DESCRIPTION OF HOW CLOVES ARE ARRANGED IN THE MATURE BULB.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
C             CONCENTRIC
R             RANDOM
S             SINGLE CLOVE


Descriptor: COMMENT1     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

GENERAL COMMENTS ON THE ACCESSION.


Descriptor: COMMENT2     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

GENERAL COMMENTS ON THE DESCRIPTOR.


Descriptor: COMMONNAME     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

NAME COMONLY USED FOR THE SPECIES (i.e. A. SCHOENOPRASUM
ARE COMMONLY CHIVES.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
BUO           BUNCHING ONION OR WELSH ONION:
CCV           CHINESE CHIVE/ORIENTAL GARLIC/
CHV           CHIVES
EGA           Elephant Garlic (A. ampeloprasum)
EGO           EGYPTIAN WALKING ONION
GAR           GARLIC
GHG           GREAT HEADED GARLIC OR ELEPHANT GARLIC:
KEG           Keeled Garlic (A. carinatum)
KUR           KURRAT
LEK           LEEK
LLK           Lady's Leek (A. cernuum)
LVG           Levant Garlic (A. ampeloprasum)
MGL           Mouse Garlic (A. angulosum)
MTG           Mountain Garlic (A. senescens)
ONI           REGULAR ONIONS
POT           POTATO ONION
RAK           RAKKYO
RHL           Roundheed Leek (A. sphaerocephalon)
RMP           Ramps, Wild Leek (A. tricoccum)
SHA           SHALLOT
WLD           WILD SPECIES.


Descriptor: DAYLENGTH     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RELATIVE DETERMINATION OF PHOTOPERIOD DEPENDANCY.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
3             SHORT DAY
5             DAY INTERMEDIATE
7             LONG DAY
M             MIX


Descriptor: DAYSMATUR     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

NUMBER OF DAYS FROM PLANTING TO 50% OF THE TOPS BEING DOWN.


Descriptor: DAYSMATUR     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

NUMBER OF DAYS FROM PLANTING TO MATURITY


Descriptor: FERTILITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CODED ESTIMATE OF THE GENERAL FERTILITY OF THE ACCESSION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
FS            FEMALE STERILE
FT            FERTILE
MS            MALE STERILE
MX            MIX
ST            STERILE


Descriptor: FIRSTFLOW     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

ACTUAL DAY (JULIAN DATE) OF FIRST FLOWER.


Descriptor: FLOWERCOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

FLOWER COLOR OF FULLY OPENED FLOWERS.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
BL            BLUE
DP            Dark Purple
LA            Lavendar
LG            GREEN
MX            MIX
OT            OTHER
PI            PINK
PU            PURPLE
RD            RED
TN            Tan
WH            WHITE
YL            YELLOW


Descriptor: FLRABILITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SIMPLE INDICATION IF ACCESSION INITIATES FLOWERS.  DOES
NOT IMPLY THAT THE PLANTS PRODUCE SEED.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
+             PRESENT
-             ABSENT


Descriptor: FLVRSTREN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

BULB OR LEAF FLAVOR STRENGTH AS DETERMINED BY CONSENSUS OF
TWO OR MORE TASTERS.  COMBINES SWEETNESS AND PUNGENCY INTO
ONE TASTE EVALUATION. B=BULB AND L=LEAF.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY MILD
3             MILD
5             MODERATE
7             STRONG
9             VERY STRONG


Descriptor: FLWRSUMBEL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CODED ESTIMATE OF THE NUMBER OF FLOWERS PER UMBEL AT >50%
FLOWERING STAGE

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             1-10
2             11-50
3             51-200
4             >200


Descriptor: FOLIAGECOL     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

COLOR OF LEAVES AT FLOWERING STAGE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
DG            DARK GREEN
GG            GREY GREEN
LG            LIGHT GREEN
MG            MEDIUM GREEN


Descriptor: FUSBASLROT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RESISTANCE TO FUARIUM BASAL ROT (FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SUSCEPTIBLE
2             SEGREGATING, PREDOMINANTLY SUSCEPTIBLE PLANTS
3             SEGREGATING
4             SEGREGATING, PREDOMINANTLY RESISTANT PLANTS
5             RESISTANT


Descriptor: LASTFLOWER     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

ACTUAL DAY (JULIAN DATE) OF LAST FLOWER.


Descriptor: LEAFERECT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

ESTIMATE OF LEAF ERECTNESS AT FLOWERING STAGE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY PROSTRATE
3             PROSTRATE
5             SEMI-PROSTRATE
7             ERECT
9             VERY ERECT
M             MIX


Descriptor: LEAFLENGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG. LEAF LENGTH (CM) OF 5-10 PLANTS AT THE FLOWERING STAGE.


Descriptor: LEAFSTRUCT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

DESCRIPTION OF THE INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE LEAF CUT
MIDWAY UP THE LEAF AND AT THE FLOWERING STAGE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
H             HOLLOW
S             SOLID


Descriptor: LEAFWAX     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

LEVEL OF AMOUNT OF WAX ON LEAVES AT THE FLOWERING STAGE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
3             SCANT (GLOSSY)
5             MEDIUM
7             PLENTIFUL (DULL OR GREY)
M             MIX


Descriptor: LEAVESBROK     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

NUMBER OF BROKEN LEAVES

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             FEW (1-5)
2             MODERATE (6-10)
3             MANY (11+)


Descriptor: LEAVESNUM     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

RELATIVE NUMBER OF LEAVES

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             FEW (1-5)
2             MODERATE (6-12)
3             MANY (13+)


Descriptor: LFCROSSSEC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

DESCRIPTION OF TYPICAL LEAF CROSS SECTION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
CI            CIRCULAR
FL            FLAT
MX            MIX
OT            OTHER
PT            PENTAGONAL
SC            SEMI-CIRCULAR
SQ            SQUARE
TR            TRIANGULAR
VS            V/KEELED SHAPED


Descriptor: LIFESPAN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

TYPICAL LIFE SPAN OF THE ACCESSION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
A             ANNUAL
B             BIENNIAL
M             MIX
P             PERENNIAL


Descriptor: MATURITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

RELATIVE TIME TO MATURITY

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY LATE
2             (1 = VERY LATE,  9 = VERY EARLY)
3             (1 = VERY LATE,  9 = VERY EARLY)
4             (1 = VERY LATE,  9 = VERY EARLY)
5             MEDIUM
6             (1 = VERY LATE,  9 = VERY EARLY)
7             (1 = VERY LATE,  9 = VERY EARLY)
8             (1 = VERY LATE,  9 = VERY EARLY)
9             VERY EARLY


Descriptor: NECKDIAM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVERAGE BULB NECK DIAMETER (MM) OF FIVE OR MORE BULBS.


Descriptor: NECKLENGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

NECK LENGTH IN CENTIMETERS


Descriptor: PINKROOT     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RESISTANCE TO PINK ROOT (PYREROCHAETA TERRESTRIS)

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             SUSCEPTIBLE
2             SEGREGATING, PREDOMINANTLY SUSCEPTIBLE PLANTS
3             SEGREGATING
4             SEGREGATING, PREDOMINANTLY RESISTANT PLANTS
5             RESISTANT


Descriptor: PLANTVIGOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

PLANT VIGOR

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             POOR
2             (1 = POOR,  9 = MOST)
3             (1 = POOR,  9 = MOST)
4             (1 = POOR,  9 = MOST)
5             MEDIUM
6             (1 = POOR,  9 = MOST)
7             (1 = POOR,  9 = MOST)
8             (1 = POOR,  9 = MOST)
9             MOST


Descriptor: PLOIDYLEVL     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

NORMAL PLOIDY LEVEL (X) OF THE PROPAGATED PLANTS.


Descriptor: PLTHEIGHT     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: N

PLANT HEIGHT IN CENTIMETERS


Descriptor: REPROMODE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

PREDOMINANT MODE OF REPRODUCTION FOR THE ACCESSION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
AL            VEGETATIVE, SEED, AND/OR TISSUE CULTURE.
SD            SEED
TC            TISSUE CULTURE
VG            VEGATATIVE
VS            BOTH


Descriptor: SCALELOOSE     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

RELATIVE NUMBER OF LOOSE SCALES

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             FEW
2             (1 = FEW,  9 = MANY)
3             (1 = FEW,  9 = MANY)
4             (1 = FEW,  9 = MANY)
5             MEDIUM
6             (1 = FEW,  9 = MANY)
7             (1 = FEW,  9 = MANY)
8             (1 = FEW,  9 = MANY)
9             MANY


Descriptor: SCAPEDIAM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG. DIAMETER (MM) OF THE SCAPE TAKEN FROM 5-10 FLOWERING
PLANTS AT MID-SCAPE OR DIRECTLY ABOVE SWELLING, IF PRESENT.


Descriptor: SCAPELNGTH     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG. LENGTH (CM) OF THE SCAPE OF 5-10 FLOWERING PLANTS.


Descriptor: SCAPEMORPH     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

INDICATION OF CURVATURE OF THE SCAPE COMMON WITHIN THE
ACCESSION.  TAKEN AFTER SCAPE HAS FULLY ELONGATED.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
CO            COILED
CU            CURVED
MX            MIX
ST            STRAIGHT


Descriptor: SCAPESTRUC     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CODED DESCRIPTION OF THE INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE SCAPE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
H             HOLLOW
S             SOLID


Descriptor: SCAPEWAX     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

VISUAL DETERMINATION OF CUTINOUS LAYER ON THE SCAPE WHEN
FLOWERING.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY SCANT
3             SCANT
5             MEDIUM
7             PLENTIFUL
9             VERY PLENTIFUL
M             MIX


Descriptor: SDLNGVIGOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

SEEDLING VIGOR AT THE 1-2 TRUE LEAF STAGE.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY WEAK
3             WEAK
5             MEDIUM VIGOR
7             VIGOROUS
9             VERY VIGOROUS
M             MIX


Descriptor: SDPRODUCTN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

RANGED ESTIMATE OF THE ABILITY OF THE ACCESSION TO PRODUCE
VIABLE SEED AT THE LOCATION GROWN.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             VERY POOR
3             POOR
5             MEDIUM
7             STRONG
9             VERY STRONG
M             MIX


Descriptor: SEEDCOLOR     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

VISUAL DETERMINATION OF THE SEED COAT COLOR.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
BL            BLACK
BR            BROWN
MX            MIX
OT            OTHER


Descriptor: SEEDSIZE     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG. SEED SIZE (MG/100 SEED).


Descriptor: SEEDSTEMS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

AVG. NUMBER OF SEED STEMS PER PLANT FROM 5-10 PLANTS AT >
50% FLOWERING STAGE FOR THE ACCESSION.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             ONE
2             TWO
3             THREE TO FIVE
4             GREATER THAN FIVE


Descriptor: STRGEORGAN     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CODED DESCRIPTION OF THE NATURAL STORAGE ORGAN.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
BUA           BULBS (AGGREGATE)
BUS           BULB (SINGLE)
CL            CLOVES
FLB           FOLIAGE LEAF BASE
NO            NONE
OT            OTHERS
RH            RHIZOMES


Descriptor: TOPSETS     obtype: CHAR    CGC: YES

CODED INDICATION OF WHETHER TH ACCESSION PRODUCES TOPSETS
(BULBILS) OR NOT, REGARDLESS OF SEED PRODUCING ABILITY.

Code          Definition
----          ----------
+             PRESENT
-             ABSENT


Descriptor: UMBELDIAM     obtype: NUMERIC    CGC: YES

AVG. DIAMETER (CM) OF 5-10 UMBELS AT THE FULL FLOWER STAGE.


Descriptor: UNIFORMITY     obtype: CHAR    CGC: N

PLANT UNIFORMITY IN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

Code          Definition
----          ----------
1             POOR
2             (1 = POOR,  9 = VERY UNIFORM)
3             (1 = POOR,  9 = VERY UNIFORM)
4             (1 = POOR,  9 = VERY UNIFORM)
5             MEDIUM
6             (1 = POOR,  9 = VERY UNIFORM)
7             (1 = POOR,  9 = VERY UNIFORM)
8             (1 = POOR,  9 = VERY UNIFORM)
9             VERY UNIFORM